As the prevalence of electric vehicles starts to grow , so does the pile of spent lithium-ion batteries which once powered those cars. Industry analysts predict that by 2020, China alone will create some 500,000 metric tons of used Li-ion batteries and that by 2030, the worldwide number will hit 2 million metric tons per year.
If current trends for handling these spent batteries hold, most of those batteries may end up in landfills although Li-ion batteries may be recycled. These popular power packs include valuable metals and other substances which can be retrieved, processed, and reused. But hardly any recycling goes on today. In Germany, as an instance, just 2--3 percent of Li-ion batteries are collected and sent overseas for recycling, according to Naomi J. Boxall, an environmental scientist in Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). The recycling rates in the European Union and the US--less than 5 percent --aren't much higher.
In most types of Li-ion batteries, the concentrations of those metals, combined with those of lithium and manganese, exceed the concentrations in natural ores, making spent batteries akin to highly enriched ore. If these metals can be recovered from used batteries at a big scale and more economically than from natural ore, the cost of batteries and electric vehicles should fall.
There are also political costs and downsides that recycling Li-ion batteries could help address. As per a CSIRO report, 50% of the planet's production of cobalt comes in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and is tied to armed conflict, illegal mining, human rights abuses, and harmful environmental practices. Recycling batteries and formulating cathodes using a diminished concentration of cobalt could help decrease the dependence on these debatable foreign resources and increase the security of their supply chain.
Challenges in recycling Li-ion batteries
As economic elements can make the case for recycling batteries, they also make the case from it. Substantial fluctuations in the costs of raw battery materials, for instance, cast uncertainty about the economics of recycling. Specifically, the current large fall in cobalt's cost raises questions regarding whether recycling Li-ion batteries or repurposing them is a fantastic business choice in comparison with fabricating new batteries with new materials. Basically, if the purchase price of cobalt drops, recycled cobalt would fight to compete with mined cobalt in terms of price, and producers would select mined material over recycled, forcing recyclers from business. Another long-term financial concern for companies contemplating stepping into battery replacement is if a different type of battery, like Li air, or a different vehicle propulsion system, such as hydrogen-powered fuel cells, will get a major foothold on the electric-vehicle marketplace lately, lowering the demand for recycling Li-ion batteries. https://www.jbbatterygermany.com, hunting long term recycling lithium ion batteries.
Lithium ion battery as good for golf cart
A good golf cart should maintain consistent power and speed on any training course terrain. Lithium batteries can manage this with no issue, however a lithium battery will slow the cart down as its voltage dips.One of the main benefits of a lithium-ion corded golf cart is that they have a much longer lifespan than a traditional lead - acid . The ordinary lithium ion golf cart battery includes approximately 2,000 to 5,000 cycles; whereas the average lead-acid one only has anywhere from 500 to 1,000 cycles.
JB Battery that was established in May, 2008, is a China specialist lithium ion golf cart battery pack manufacture and provides a vast range of battery types for clients. The JB battery supplies lithium ion manufacturers for golf carts,forklift trucks,boats, RVs, solar panel banks, specialty electrical vehicles, and much more.